The ancient town of Nessebar is located 30 km north of Bourgas, on a small peninsula in the Black Sea, connected by a long and narrow isthmus with the new part of Nessebar. It is one of the oldest cities in Europe. It was founded about 3000 years before the new era by the Thracians and is considered the city in Bulgaria with the most preserved architectural monuments from the Middle Ages.
The Kazanlak tomb was discovered accidentally on April 19, 1944 by soldiers while digging an anti-aircraft shelter. It is built at the level of the surrounding terrain and is oriented in a north-south direction with an entrance from the south. It consists of a corridor, a rectangular tomb and a round burial chamber. The common concept between architecture and frescoes, the unique style and mastery of the artist make the tomb near Kazanlak one of the masterpieces of Thracian art and ancient cultural heritage. In 1979 it was declared a monument of world importance and protected under the auspices of UNESCO.
This remarkable rock relief from the Early Middle Ages is the only one of its kind in Europe. The Madara Horseman is a bas-relief carved into the rock, located 23 meters from its base. In 1979 it was included in the UNESCO list of world cultural heritage, and three decades later it was declared a global Bulgarian symbol by а national survey.
Bulgaria is the heir of ancient civilizations - Thracians, Greeks, Romans, Slavs and Proto-Bulgarians have left in these lands extremely valuable artistic and architectural evidence of their developed cultures. They are scattered throughout the country and make it one of the most attractive destinations for people with interests in history and ancient culture. The UNESCO World Heritage Commission's World Heritage Program aims to catalog, name and preserve sites of exceptional cultural or natural importance for the common heritage of mankind. Bulgaria became a member of UNESCO on March 7, 1974. Here is the place to note the modest Bulgarian contribution to the protection of our (according to UNESCO) 7 cultural monuments and 3 nature reserves included in the World Heritage List.
On 3rd of March Bulgarians celebrate the Day of Liberation. It is a National holiday in Bulgaria and it is celebrated since 1991. In this post we will present you three monuments located in the capital Sofia and related to the events and participants in the Russo-Turkish War (1877-1878) and graded not according to their importance, but according to the years in which they were discovered.
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